The back yard breeder is the single greatest cause of pet overpopulation. Back yard breeders usually do not have bad intentions, but the results of back yard breeding are devastating.The majority of homeless or abandoned dogs come from this category in many popular breeds and mixes, they are often destroyed in pounds. Most are sold locally through newspaper ads - the responsibility ends when the purchaser's taillights disappear from sight.
Many back yard breeders do not have the knowledge to properly raise a healthy, socialized litter, or to help the new owner with any problems that might arise. They usually have no idea about the breed standard set forth by the Canadian Kennel club or the rules set forth.
Back yard breeders may act on a desire to make extra money, or simply out of ignorance. Sometimes back yard breeders will breed so "their children can experience the miracle of birth", or they mistakenly believe "every dog should have one litter." They may think their dog is so cute, he/she would make wonderful puppies, with little or no thought for the homes to which their puppies will go. Other back yard breeders see how much money legitimate breeders charge for pups and figure they could make some "easy money" too. Or, a back yard breeder may have a completely unplanned litter by accident.
Back yard breeders usually bring two breeding animals together regardless of their quality. They are not interested in scientific breeding. Their aim is to fulfill a personal need or goal, not to improve the breed and bring excellent quality dogs to the world. Since breed excellence is generally unimportant, the breeding dogs generally will not have been tested for genetic and health problems.
Back yard breeders are not necessarily bad people, they often come from middle to upper income families, and their dogs can be well loved and kept. However, getting a pup from a back yard breeder is a gamble:
-the back yard breeder usually has no idea about the quality or lack thereof of their animals. It is usually a " I have a dog and you have a dog, lets breed them" type of situation.
-the parents likely have not been screened for health problems
-puppies usually are not sold with contracts and no future support to the buyer
-the breeder does not screen new homes appropriately, and bad decisions can be made.
-the breeder does not ensure buyers sign a spay/neuter contract, so usually MORE unplanned puppies from other newer Back yard breeders will eventually come into this world, and usually enter a shelter.
-the breeders are not in it for the long haul.
- the back yard breeder usually doesn't compete in conformation shows, agility, obedience, tracking, or any other sport with their stock.
- the back yard breeder does not look to improve upon their breed. There is a code of ethics and rules set forth by the Great Dane club of Canada. The rules are there for reasons, and should be followed.
-the back yard breeder is usually not a Canadian Kennel Club member, or a regional Kennel club member, or a breed specific club member.
They will be working on new personal objectives in five years when your pet has a problem and you need help.
The only way to stop back yard breeders, is for buyers to stop buying unregistered (or in some cases registered)dogs from pet stores, puppy mills, or back yard breeders. If you do not want to pay top dollar for a great dog from a great breeder, then adopt a dog from a shelter. There are millions of dogs ( a by product of such breedings by back yard breeders) in need of homes and breed specific rescues.
Although you might pay less for the breed of your choice from a back yard breeder, it's almost a given that in the long run, you'll pay a good deal more in vet bills and perhaps emotional bills (if the dog has to be euthanized due to a health or temperament problem), than you would from a reputable breeder who will be there for you for the lifetime of your puppy.